Il nome Siria deriva dalla Satrapia di Assiria, parte dell'Impero Persiano ai tempi del suo fondatore Ciro il Grande. La satrapia di Assiria comprendeva infatti i territori che vanno dall'Assiria propriamente detta, nella valle dell'alto Tigri, vicino a Ninive (attualmente la città di Mossul) fino ai domini del primo impero assiro, comprendenti le valli dell'alto Eufrate, i deserti e le zone costiere all'epoca abitate dalle popolazioni di stirpe aramaica.
Name of Syria
Application of the name
Connection between the names of Syria and Assyria
- Rollinger, Robert (2006). "The terms "Assyria" and "Syria" again" (PDF). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 65 (4): 284–287. doi:10.1086/511103.
- (Pipes 1992), s:History of Herodotus/Book 7
Herodotus. "Herodotus VII.63".
VII.63: The Assyrians went to war with helmets upon their heads made of brass, and plaited in a strange fashion which is not easy to describe. They carried shields, lances, and daggers very like the Egyptian; but in addition they had wooden clubs knotted with iron, and linen corselets. This people, whom the Hellenes call Syrians, are called Assyrians by the barbarians. The Chaldeans served in their ranks, and they had for commander Otaspes, the son of Artachaeus.
Herodotus. "Herodotus VII.72".
VII.72: In the same fashion were equipped the Ligyans, the Matienians, the Mariandynians, and the Syrians (or Cappadocians, as they are called by the Persians).
- Assyria and Syria: Synonyms, Richard N. Frye, PhD., Harvard University
- John Joseph (2000). The Modern Assyrians of the Middle East: A History of Their Encounter with Western Christian Missions, Archaeologists, and Colonial Powers. p. 21.
- Dalley, Stephanie (1998). The Legacy of Mesopotamia. Oxford University Press. p. 94. ISBN 0198149468. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- Frye, R. N. (October 1992). "Assyria and Syria: Synonyms" (PDF). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 51 (4): 281–285. doi:10.1086/373570.
- "Syria is not but a contraction of Assyria or Assyrian; this according to the Greek pronunciation. The Greeks applied this name to all of Asia Minor." cited after Sa Grandeur Mgr. David, Archevêque Syrien De Damas, Grammair De La Langue Araméenne Selon Les Deux Dialects Syriaque Et Chaldaique Vol. 1,, (Imprimerie Des Péres Dominicains, Mossoul, 1896), 12.
- Tvedtnes, John A. (1981). "The Origin of the Name "Syria"". Journal of Near Eastern Studies 40 (2): 139. doi:10.1086/372868.
- A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography, Sir William Smith, Charles Anthon, Harper & Brothers, 1862 "Even when the name of Syria is used in its ordinary narrower sense, it is often confounded with Assyria, which only differs from Syria by having the definite article prefixed."
- Rollinger, Robert (2006). "The terms "Assyria" and "Syria" again" (PDF). Assyriology. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 65(4). pp. 284–287.
- Aziz Suryal Atiya (1968), A History of Eastern Christianity London: Methuen
- Silvio Zaorani (Turin, 1993) under the chapter entitled "The Modern Assyrians - Name and Nation", pp. 106-107)
- The Encyclopedia Americana, International ed. (c1986) Danbury, Conn.: Grolier